En route to becoming the dynamic financial institution it is today, National Bank took a number of important steps.
Here are some of the milestones in our history:
The Province of Canada is comprised of Upper and Lower Canada (Ontario and Quebec) under a single legislature when Eugène Chinic, Isidore Thibodeau, Ulric-Joseph Tessier, Olivier Robitaille, Cirice Têtu, David Dussault and Prudent Vallée of Quebec City petition the Legislative Assembly to incorporate a new bank. Dissatisfied with the policies of existing banks, francophone businessmen feel the need to establish a bank under their own control, a bank that will promote their own interests. The Act of Incorporation is passed and on May 4th Banque Nationale the first of a series of financial establishments that would become National Bank Financial Group is born.
Banque Nationale opens for business in the offices of the Caisse d’économie de Notre-Dame de Québec on Saint-Jean Street in Quebec City. Some members of the anglophone bourgeoisie participate in the Bank’s share capital, but francophones retain exclusive control and hold all seats on the Board of Directors with Ulric-Joseph Tessier, lawyer and Member of the Legislative Assembly serving as Chairman.
The rival Banque Jacques Cartier is established in the same way in Montreal. It goes through a reorganization in 1900, changing its name to The Provincial Bank of Canada and gradually setting up a network of offices throughout Quebec and in some regions of Ontario, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.
Following a fire, Banque Nationale sets up permanent residence on rue Saint-Pierre, which later becomes Quebec City's banking district.
The Banque d’Hochelaga is founded in Montreal. Despite modest beginnings, by the turn of the century it is expanding rapidly. Following the First World War, Banque Nationale, The Provincial Bank of Canada and the Banque d’Hochelaga are all successful in serving the same Quebec market, and competition is strong. It is publicly suggested that merging these banks would make them more effective in promoting the economic development of Quebec.
|1878 & 1885||
The Bank registers losses as a result of difficulties caused by economic crises.
A severe recession shakes Banque Nationale in the early 1920s. Negotiations for a merger with the Banque d’Hochelaga lead to an agreement creating the Banque Canadienne Nationale, later known in English as the Bank Canadian National (BCN). The success of this merger is due in part to assistance provided by the Province of Quebec through special legislation. The Provincial Bank declines an invitation to join forces with the other two banks.
Working closely with other banks, Bank Canadian National launches Chargex, the first credit card to be issued by a Canadian bank.
As a result of the 1924 merger, Bank Canadian National is twice the size of its closest competitor The Provincial Bank, giving it greater prestige and faster growth. The Provincial Bank takes on a more aggressive character and eventually takes over several other institutions. In 1970, it merges with The People’s Bank, a commercial bank that had been established in 1968 to continue the work of the much-respected Quebec Savings Bank itself founded more than a century earlier.
Instituting a national expansion program, The Provincial Bank also takes over the Toronto-based Unity Bank of Canada, and in 1979 acquires Laurentide Financial Corporation Ltd. of Vancouver, a well-known Canadian finance company.
The Provincial Bank of Canada (soon to merge with Bank Canadian National to create National Bank) joins forces with Bell Canada to construct two immense office towers—to become the Head Offices of both companies—on de La Gauchetière street in downtown Montreal.
By the late 1970s, Bank Canadian National and The Provincial Bank have grown into major banks with assets of nine and six billion dollars respectively. Although both still have a large part of their operations concentrated in Quebec, they've been actively developing business nationally and internationally over the preceding decade. At this point, they agree to combine forces to form National Bank of Canada in what is one of the largest bank mergers in history.
National Bank moves into its new Head Office building at 600 de La Gauchetière West in Montreal.
National Bank acquires The Mercantile Bank of Canada. This transaction helps it strengthen its presence in the commercial loans market and accelerates its plans to expand into Ontario and Western Canada. In 1987 following the deregulation of financial services that had started in this period, National Bank begins to establish subsidiaries and makes acquisitions in securities brokerage, insurance and wealth management, as well as mutual fund and retirement plan management. These transactions also help the Bank grow outside Quebec in selected niche markets.
National Bank Securities Inc. is founded to provide discount brokerage, mutual fund and immigrant investor services.
The brokerage firm Lévesque Beaubien becomes a National Bank subsidiary. A year later, Lévesque Beaubien merges with Geoffrion Leclerc to become Lévesque Beaubien Geoffrion.
National Bank merges the activities of its wholly-owned National Bank Leasing Inc.subsidiary with its own operations.
National Bank sells its lease financing operations to GE Capital and acquires the assets ofGeneral Trust of Canada, a company specializing in trust activities since 1927.
National Bank, through its subsidiary Natbank, opens its first U.S. branch in Pompano Beach, Florida.
A second Natbank branch and head office are opened in Hollywood, Florida. National Bank also launches National Bank Life Insurance Company.
National Bank acquires two Ontario trust companies, Family Trust Corporation and The Municipal Savings and Loan Corporation. It founds National Bank Financial Services (Investments) Inc., as well as the subsidiary NBC Clearing Services Incorporated.
On August 31st National Bank assets exceed $50 billion.
To be accessible to as many clients as possible and to remain a technology leader, National Bank launches its Web site. It also concludes an agreement to acquire a US $75 million stake in an investors' group led by the firm Infisa S.A. with a view to investing in banks as well as brokerage, insurance and pension fund management firms in a number of Latin American countries.
National Bank and the Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec join forces to create Alter Moneta, a lease financing company.
National Bank concludes its purchase of First Marathon, a Toronto-based brokerage firm. First Marathon and the Bank's subsidiary Lévesque Beaubien Geoffrion Inc. merge their operations to form National Bank Financial, a new Canadian investment-services company. The Bank also creates a new subsidiary, AssurNat Management Inc., to offer general insurance directly to retail clients in Quebec.
In order to standardize its brand image with consumers, National Bank continues its strategy of including the National Bank name with the name of its various subsidiaries. AssurNat changes its name to Assurances Banque Nationale, and General Trust of Canada subsidiary becomes National Bank Trust.
National Bank Financial, a National Bank subsidiary, acquires the U.S. based investment bank Putnam Lovell Group Inc. These two organizations now operate as a single business unit under the marketing banner of Putnam Lovell NBF through offices in New York, Toronto, and London.
National Bank also acquires mutual fund manager and distributor Altamira. The acquisition of this leading brand name significantly expands National Bank's presence outside Quebec in the area of wealth management, doubles its mutual funds under management, broadens its offering of products and services and increases profitability.
National Bank assets exceed $100 billion.
Computershare acquires the shareholder management services of National Bank Trust.
Réal Raymond, President and Chief Executive Officer since 2002, retires. He is succeeded by Louis Vachon, former President and Chief Operating Officer.
|2008||National Bank acquires four independent full-service brokerage firms, expanding its presence in Toronto and Winnipeg and reinforcing its leadership in the Quebec market.
That same year, National Bank embarks on a major organizational transformation as part of its One client, one bank vision in order to better meet the needs and expectations of its clients and position itself to deliver industry-leading results.
|2009||National Bank launches Private Wealth 1859, a comprehensive offering of sophisticated products and services geared to the needs of affluent clients.
On May 4, National Bank celebrates its 150th anniversary.
|2011||National Bank acquires Wellington West Holdings Inc., one of the leading independent full service wealth management firms in Canada.|
|2012||National Bank continues to grow its presence Canada-wide, with the purchase of the full service investment advisory business of HSBC Securities (Canada) Inc.
The Bank merges its Natcan asset management subsidiary with Fiera Capital Corporation, and acquires a strategic interest in the firm, making Fiera one of the largest independent portfolio managers in Canada. This transaction strengthens National Bank’s ability to grow in this high-potential market segment.
National Bank further expands its online services by launching its Mobile Banking Solutions. Clients with smartphones are now able to perform various banking transactions, including person-to-person payments through Interac’s electronic transfer application, which the Bank is the first to offer on a mobile platform.
During 2012, National Bank also plays a pivotal role, as part of a group of 12 major Canadian banks and pension funds, in the acquisition of TMX Group. This transaction ensures Canada’s standing as a global financial centre of excellence.
The number of visitors to clearfacts.ca, the Bank’s financial literacy website, surpasses the 1 million mark. The site contains a wealth of resources to help consumers make informed decisions about money matters.
|2013||National Bank announces the largest donation in its history: $10 million to Campus Montréal (HEC Montréal, Polytechnique Montréal and Université de Montréal) for the creation of the National Bank | HEC Montréal Institute for Entrepreneurship to support entrepreneurial education and the development of entrepreneurs.
In November, National Bank finalizes the acquisition of TD Waterhouse Institutional Services (TDWIS). This transaction marks another major milestone in the Canada-wide expansion of the Bank’s wealth management sector.
|2014||Further to its acquisition of TD Waterhouse Institutional Services in November 2013, National Bank completes one of the largest asset conversions in Canadian financial history in just seven months, making National Bank Correspondent Network the premier provider of brokerage, custody, trading, clearing, settlement and record-keeping services for registered independent portfolio managers and introducing brokers.|
National Bank invests $200 million in financial institutions in Cambodia and Mauritius, as well as in a banking and insurance group operating primarily in West Africa.
National Bank also enters into an historic partnership with the First Nations Finance Authority to support social and economic development in indigenous communities across Canada. This partnership injects tens of millions of dollars into infrastructure and economic development projects in First Nations communities throughout the country.
In 2016, National Bank takes a controlling interest in ABA Bank of Cambodia, becoming the first North American financial institution to issue panda bonds in mainland China.
To support its digital and cultural transformation efforts, the position of Chief Transformation Officer is created. The CTO's goal is to improve the planning of deployments and accelerate the delivery of benefits throughout the organization.
In 2017, the Bank's international expansion makes it necessary to create a fourth business line specifically for its global activities, such as those of ABA Bank in Cambodia and of Credigy, a consumer financing subsidiary based in Atlanta, United States.
The One client, one bank transformation is in full swing. The vision is to be a simple, fast and efficient Bank. To achieve this ambition, the Bank focuses on two drivers: the digital transformation and the cultural shift. Given this reality, National Bank fosters partnerships with local players from promising technology sectors, including artificial intelligence solutions provider Element AI. Additional initiatives are launched to support the rollout of collaborative tools and modern, digital workspaces, which include collaboration, concentration and discussion areas. In 2017, five floors of the National Bank Tower are also redesigned.
The Bank makes significant technology advances in 2018 with the launch of a new transaction website, remote mortgage preapproval solution, contactless debit card and other innovations to meet the needs of our personal banking clients. It demonstrates its leadership in artificial intelligence and blockchain technology through two initiatives with investment bank J.P. Morgan. Over a dozen partnerships are also concluded with fintechs, helping the Bank maintain the pace of its digital transformation.
In 2018, National Bank continues its cultural shift, including the continued modernization of its workspaces. More than 1,000 proud, enthusiastic employees attend the ground-breaking ceremony for the construction of the Bank's new head office in Montreal.