Retirement planning is not always the same for men and women. There are several factors that could explain this difference, including a higher life expectancy, longer spells without pay due to motherhood and different concerns and priorities. What can you do to achieve your dream retirement? Preparing well and applying these tips will equip you for a secure retirement.
The debate about gender income inequality regularly pops up in the public arena. However; a closer look at the figures shows that differences in the lifetime income and saving capacity of men and women go beyond pay inequalities:
Retirement planning goes beyond monthly savings. It's about creating an overall plan with a professional, while taking into account your situation and goals. Did you know that many people mistake the Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) for a retirement plan? The RRSP is a financial tool used to prepare your retirement plan. To help us set up the right retirement plan for you, consider the following five factors:
First of all, don't worry! You don't need to be a financial expert to plan your retirement. It's like planning a trip. Your travel agent will start by discussing your destination, then recommend flights and packages based on your situation. These four steps are the foundation of a sound retirement plan and can be followed by everyone—men and women alike!
Step 1: Set your life goals
At what age do you plan to retire? How do you imagine spending your retirement? Do you have any specific goals or ideas? Start by noting down and ranking your priorities.
Step 2: Gather your documents
Before meeting with your advisor, make sure you have gathered all the necessary documents on your current investments, contributions to government plans, and the like. This is crucial because it will help them understand your personal situation and assist you in setting up the best possible plan.
Tip: the advisor plays a key role in devising your strategy so it's vital to pick someone you're comfortable with. Take the time to meet with them and ask questions. You need to build a trust-based relationship with your advisor.
Step 3: Set up your plan
Your advisor will carry out a complete analysis of your financial situation considering the above factors. Next, they will recommend solutions based on your situation, concerns and goals.
Step 4: Update your plan
Lastly, be aware that your plan isn't set in stone. It should change to account for life events. You should update it as soon as there's a major change in your situation, such as the arrival of a baby or a change of employment. Schedule an appointment with your advisor without delay.
Retirement budgeting may seem difficult and complicated, but it's easy with the right tools and support. This step also gives you a clear overview of your expenses and helps you make smarter decisions.
Check out these two simple tools:
Taking control of your finances is the first step towards a more secure retirement.
Knowing your retirement income sources will help you and your advisor make the most of your disbursement strategy. Did you know that if you retire at 60 you will incur a 36% penalty from Retraite-Québec? If you retire at 70 instead, you'll get a 42% bonus.
The main sources of retirement income include:
In Quebec, the Quebec Pension Plan (QPP) provides residents with a basic retirement income. If you live outside of Quebec, you'll receive income under the Canada Pension Plan. All Canadians can also receive benefits from the federal government under the Old Age Security (OAS) Program.
How much will you receive in total from these two plans? Assuming that you retire at age 65 and that you contributed the maximum throughout your life, you'll receive a total of about $20,000.
These are plans provided by your employer (pension plans), under which it contributes towards its employees' retirement income.
Ask yourself the following questions: do you have a defined benefit plan or a defined contribution plan? Is it indexed or not?
These are investments (registered and non-registered), real estate holdings and other savings that can supplement your income from government plans.
Should you invest in an RRSP, an RESP, a TFSA or another account?
Even if your retirement is still far off, it's important to get informed and start planning as soon as possible. It's also never too early to set up a plan and seek advice.
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